A shrub or forest understorey tree to 6 m high, from N and S Nigeria and W Cameroons; also widespread in central, eastern and southern tropical Africa. Alchornea laxiflora leaf extract was tested against a range of microorganisms using standard microbiological methods for antimicrobial. Media in category “Alchornea laxiflora”. This category contains only the following file. Alchornea laxiflora, gepersde blare,
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Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. Showing 0 of 0 comments. Alchornea laxiflora Prelude Medicinal Plants Database x – k – jpg www. Alchornea laxiflora Syntype of Alchornea schlechteri Pax Alchornea laxiflora Isotype of Alchormea floribunda Alchornea laxiflora 2 Anthocyanins x – 24k – gif www.
Alchornea laxiflora 2 Anthocyanins x – 15k – gif www. In Nigeria a decoction of the leaves is taken to treat inflammatory and infectious diseases. It is also a common ingredient in herbal antimalarial preparations.
In Tanzania the ground leaves are taken in water to treat hernia. The leaf sap and root decoction are drunk to treat pain in neck and shoulders. The ash of the stem pith is applied to a stiff neck.
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
In Nigeria the leaves are used as packing and preservation material for kola nuts. Small branches are used as chew sticks. Straight stems are used as fence poles. Preliminary phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, saponins and phenolic compounds in the roots, and in lower amounts, in the leaves.
From the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of the crude methanolic leaf extract the flavonoids quercetin and the quercetin-related compounds rutin and quercitrin were isolated.
These compounds showed significant antimicrobial activity against several gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and fungi. Ladiflora anti-oxidant activity of the root and leaf extracts have laxifoora compared with that of the standard anti-oxidant butylated hydroxyanisole. Deciduous, erect to oaxiflora shrub or small tree up to 7 —10 m tall, monoecious with male and female laxiflpra on separate branches; bark smooth, pale grey, flaking; young shoots shortly hairy alchodnea almost glabrous.
Male inflorescence an axillary spike or raceme up to 12 cm long, developing on older twigs just before new leaf flush, bracts ovate, 1. Flowers unisexual, sessile; male flowers with 2—4 —5almost round to ovate, reflexed, yellowish green or white sepals, petals absent, stamens 8—9, filaments united into a basal plate; female flowers with 5—6, almost round to ovate, acute, unequal, slightly toothed sepals, petals absent, ovary superior, almost globose, c. Seeds ovoid to almost globose, c. Alchornea is pantropical and comprises about 50 species, of which 6 occur in tropical Africa.
Alchornea laxiflora occurs in evergreen forest and associated bushland, in riverine thickets, from sea-level up to m altitude. Alchornea laxiflora is locally common throughout its wide distribution area, and is probably not alchornes by genetic erosion. Alchornea laxiflora has interesting antibacterial and pain-suppressing activities, which merit further research.
The antioxidant laxitlora of the leaves are interesting as well, and more research is needed to elucidate the effectiveness under different conditions.
Antioxidant properties of extracts from Alchornea laxiflora Benth Pax and Hoffman. Phytotherapy Research 17 7: Medpharm Scientific, Stuttgart, Germany.
Bioactive chemical constituents from Alchornea laxiflora Benth.
Category:Alchornea laxiflora – Wikimedia Commons
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 74 3: Euphorbiaceae, subfamilies Phyllantoideae, Oldfieldioideae, Acalyphoideae, Crotonoideae and Euphorbioideae, tribe Hippomaneae. Volume 9, part 4. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. Volume 2, Families E—I.
Medicinal plants of East Africa. Kenya Literature Bureau, Nairobi, Kenya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. BoxAH Wageningen, Netherlands.
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