Type: Chapter; Author(s): Rabinow, Paul; Page start: 91; Page end: ; Web address: This text is the translation, by Frederic Keck, of Paul Rabinow’s “Artificiality and Enlightenment: From Sociobiology to Biosociality,” published in in his. “Artificiality and Enlightenment: From Sociobiology to Biosociality.” Add to My Bookmarks Export citation. Type: Chapter. Is part of Book. Title: Essays on the.
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This group and its work seek to transcend disciplinary boundaries in humanities, social sciences, and life science and mingle with policy research as well.
It also aims to envelop and synthesize various strands of research by taking life science and its relations as subject matter while crossing borders between research settings. One of the key reasons for this networked collaborative approach of Working Group 3 is the scale and nature of previous efforts investigating the development of the life sciences.
Researchers in humanities and social sciences, regardless of their collaboration networks, are still far from large scale collaboration when imagining the future of our collective life alongside living objects produced in the technoscientific processes of today. And while there are highly interesting current approaches to studying transformations in understandings of life, they are found among disciplines within human and social sciences that do not interact sufficiently with each other.
Philosophy of biology and bio-ethicsanthropology of science and medical communitiessociology of sciencepolitical science of institutional sense-making and deliberationand legal studies of jurisdictionsto name but a few, have their own lives in specific epistemic communities of practice.
In parallel with these academic debates, recent advances in the biological sciences, including new medical technologies, have, however, also led to the analysis of various transformations in the process and understanding of life.
It appears that bio-objects 1 are rich in potential to destabilize old relations and fertile enough to create new connections that cross the boundaries of academic disciplines and between social institutions. The Working Group 3 has a unique opportunity to address the challenges outlined above and has a two-part main objective: Accordingly, the group not only investigates the relations that new objects of living and life are capable of generating but also attempts, with a more reflexive attitude, to become more experimental in its ways of working to address the challenges posed by bio-objects Box 1.
The group attempts to go beyond single case studies in specific national contexts, by developing coherent international comparative frameworks built around the concept of the bio-object.
We specifically aim to ground our international comparative framework in detailed local empirical work biosodiality which matters of life and living together play an important role.
Consider this a call for collaborative research. By using the concept of bio-objects as a call for collaboration and, thereby, as a network-generating device, in our studies we explicitly focus on a wide range of experimental relations that are empirically traceable in different contexts.
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These include material, scientific, social, cultural, economic, and political relations embedded in processes by which bio-objects are becoming a central part of the relations that go into the everyday politics of living together in the 21st century. In line with the two dimensions outlined above, we also deliberately aim to cross the borders of the academic community, making our bio-object work relevant for policymaking. This may not always occur through normative modes of operation, but the group shall explore questions of policy in a more neutral, explorative tone.
As to where to start exploring bio-objects and their network generation capacities, we suggest that even if life is ubiquitous on our planet and perhaps elsewherefacts that matter and theories are not. Theories and interventions addressing any thing we call life are always specific, and in that specificity they are actually quite rare.
This means that bio- objects are not vaguely defined things. Instead of being just any thingbio-objects have a presence and a particular relation to life and processes of objectification.
In their materiality, objects are both generative of and constituted through a set of empirical relations — whether inside or outside the laboratory. Studying bio-objects as more or less stable objects means that we take them as materialized relational effects occurring in different social circuits.
In these relationship networks, bio-objects become, for example:. Here, hopes, hype, expectations, and larger bio-economic fields of circulation generate particular biosocial spheres of action and hold their central objects as generative to biovalue 2 and sources for accumulated biocapital 3 ; and.
Here the bio-objects are simultaneously understood as embodied material records of biosocial 4 relations and as their material condition of possibility, tying in with a number of relations beyond economic exchange 5.
For Working Group 3, the notion of bio-objects is, therefore, proposed as a conceptual starting point for exploration of the various objects of life in their constitutive relations.
While the concept is not yet fully formed — it is open to change through research evidence — it is a useful one, for bio-objects encompass a large number of materialities and accompanying discourses, and, most importantly, a bio-object implies a new form of operationalization of a living thing that becomes an object through specific mattering-relations. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.
Bio-objects and generative relations
Journal List Croat Med J v. Sakari Tamminen 1 and Niki Vermeulen 2.
Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Box 1 Our work is characterized by three dimensions in the forming of new relations in the study of bio-objects. Which generative relations matter? Box 2 Bio-objects and generative relations. Life in the 21st century.
Essays on the Anthropology of Reason – Paul Rabinow – Google Books