Benjamin Disraeli () tried to tackle the Condition of England In his Young England novels, Coningsby (), Sybil () and. Disraeli intended Sybil as more than reportage, and the Condition-of-England debate in the novel has a clear political goal. Disraeli argues that. Buy Sybil, or the Two Nations by Benjamin Disraeli, Fiction, Classics by Benjamin Disraeli from Amazon’s Fiction Books Store. Everyday low prices on a huge.
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Benjamin Disraeli tried to tackle the Condition of England Question both in his political activity and in his fiction. In the early s, he tried unsuccessfully to start a political career. He made an important journey to the Near East and continued to write novels and political writings in which he presented anti-Whig and anti-Utilitarian views. As Cazamian correctly points out. There were three principal aspects of Young England: In his Young England novels, ConingsbySybil and Tancred and in his later famous speeches, Disraeli propounded the idea of British conservatism with the maintenance of constitution and empire.
Disraeli examined critically problems of contemporary political, social and religious life and provided his own alternative to the Whig conceptions of reform. His trilogy provoked sbyil widespread public debate.
ConingsbySybiland to a lesser degree Tancredexposed the growing discrepancy between the rich and the poor. Disraeli thought it possible to make an alliance between masters and workmen. However, when Disraeli became the leader of the Conservative government, he gradually abandoned the Condition of England Question in favour of disrraeli new debate — the Imperial Question.
Coningsby, or The New Generation is a political-romantic novel set in early Victorian England, which benjwmin a bleak picture of post- Reform realities.
Benjamin Disraeli and the Two Nation Divide
The first edition of 1, copies of the novel was sold in a fortnight. Harry Coningsby, the orphaned grandson of an old style Tory aristocrat, represents the ideals of new Toryism. Educated at Eton College, he befriends Oswald Millbank, the son of a rich Lancashire cotton manufacturer, a great enemy of his grandfather, the Marquis of Monmouth. Penniless, Coningsby decides to work for his living. The character of Coningsby is based on George Smythewho was a Conservative politician associated with Disraeli and the Young England movement.
Disraeli characterises the changing social and political situation of the nobility and the rising manufacturing class.
Benjamin Disraeli’s “Sybil,” or How to Reconnect the Two Nations
The main aim of the author was to present the influence of the political parties on the condition of the people. When Coningsby develops his political philosophy, it is in essence a tribute to the Young England movement opposed to Prime Minister Robert Peel Speaking to Lord Monmouth, Coningsby criticises the old conservatives who do not want to see rapid changes in the country and affirms the inevitable progress.
I have for a long time looked upon the Conservative party as a body who have betrayed their trust; more from ignorance, I admit, than from design; yet clearly a body of individuals totally unequal to the exigencies of the epoch, and indeed unconscious of its real character. In the mid s, the Tory party entered a period of crisis and its strength in the House of Commons was weakened.
When Peel turned down his offer, Disraeli became a harsh critic of the Conservative government and presented himself as a progressive Tory, who believed that an alliance between the old aristocracy and the working class might increase the popularity of the new Conservatives.
In this aspect he was close to Thomas Carlyle, who wrote about a revival of the medieval social concord based on class hierarchy, paternalism and mutual confidence.
benjamim In his next novel, Sybil, or the Two NationsDisraeli shows a concern for the problems of poverty and social instability in the rapidly expanding benkamin towns. Disraeli presents his interpretation of history sybkl show how in medieval times the poor had been protected within a hierarchical social structure headed by the aristocracy and the Church.
Disraeli gave the novel the subtitle The Two Nationswhich was to imply that England was a bitterly divided nation. Charles Egremont, the younger brother of Lord Marney, investigates the conditions of the lower classes in the disguise of a Mr Franklin. He visits a few manufacturing towns of the north, where he is confronted with the bitter reality of industrialisation. At Marney Abbey, Egremont meets a working-class radical, Walter Gerard, his lovely daughter Sybil, and Stephen Morley, a radical journalist, who tells him about the division of England into two nations: Disraeli expressed his disillusionment with old aristocracy which failed to bridge the gulf between the rich and the poor.
In SybilDisraeli admitted frankly that the working-class was exploited by the laissez-faire system. Workers were underpaid and were sybi, to sustain a family.
Sybil, or the Two Nations
Despite the growing wealth due to increased production, trade and commerce, prosperity lay in the hands of the upper classes: In the majority of cases the working people lived in desperate poverty and degradation.
Poor wages, long working hours, unsanitary working and living conditions, high infant mortality and short life expectancy, were factors which contributed to human degradation. The misery of the working-classes is suggestively described by Gerard. There is more serfdom in England brnjamin than at any time since the Conquest.
I speak of what passes under my daily eyes when I say, that those who labour can as little choose or change their masters now, as when they were born thralls. There are great bodies disraeil the working classes of this country nearer the condition of brutes than they have been at any time since the Conquest. For Disraeli, Chartismlike for Carlyle, is a popular movement without a leader.
Disraeli saw hope in the Young England movement and expressed his idealistic faith in the revival of Conservatism. In a parliamentary sense, that great party has ceased to exist; but I will believe that it still lives in the thought and sentiment and consecrated memory of the English nation.
Even now it is not dead, but sleepeth; and, in an age of political materialism, of confused purposes and perplexed intelligence, that aspires only to wealth because it has faith in no other accomplishment, as men rifle cargoes on the verge of shipwreck, toryism will yet rise from the tomb over which Bolingbroke shed his last tear, to bring back strength to the Crown, liberty to the Subject, and to announce that power has only one duty: The novel ends with a passionate call to the youth of England to take up this initiative:.
That we may live to see England once more possess a free Monarchy, and a privileged and prosperous People, is my prayer; that these great consequences can only be brought about by the energy and devotion of our Youth is my persuasion. We live in an age when to be young and to be indifferent can be no longer synonymous. We must prepare for the coming hour.
The claims of the Future are represented by suffering millions; and the Youth of a Nation are the trustees of Posterity. He comes under the spell of Fakredeen, an Emir of the Lebanon, who tells him one of his political phantasies, which anticipates the Imperial Question. You must perform the Portuguese scheme on a grand scale; quit a petty and exhausted position for a vast and prolific empire.
Let the Queen of England collect a great fleet, let her stow away all her treasure, bullion, gold plate, and precious arms; be accompanied by all her court and chief people, and transfer the seat of her empire from London to Delhi.
There she will find an immense empire ready made, a first rate army, and a large revenue. In the meantime I will arrange with Mehmet Ali. He shall have Bagdad and Mesopotamia, and pour the Bedouin cavalry into Persia.
I will take care of Syria and Asia Minor. The only way to manage the Afghans is by Persia and by the Arabs. We will acknowledge the Empress of India as our suzerain, and secure for her the Levantine coast. If she like, she shall have Alexandria, as she now has Malta; it could be arranged. Your Queen is young; she has an avenir.
Aberdeen and Sir Peel will never give her this advice; their habits are formed.
And quite practicable; for the only difficult part, the conquest of India, which baffled Alexander, is all done! This bizarre and vague term refers to the political programme of youthful heroism and racial regeneration propounded by the Young England movement. In Tancred Disraeli combines politics with religion when he envisages the future of the British Empire.
Walton 28 Tancred goes to Palestine to find a solution to the antagonism between Judaism and Christianity in Victorian England and elsewhere. The Condition of England Question is thus extended to global and racial issues.
Disraeli contributed significantly to the myth of an England, where benevolent and paternalistic imperialism is accompanied by humanitarian reforms. Cornell University Press, The Social Novel in England, Translated by Martin Fido. Sybil, Or the Two Nations. Oxford University Press, Tancred or the New Crusade.
As Cazamian correctly points out, There were three principal aspects of Young England: Cazamian, In his Young England novels, ConingsbySybil and Tancred and in his later famous speeches, Disraeli propounded the idea of British conservatism with the maintenance of constitution and empire.
Coningsby Coningsby, or The New Generation is a political-romantic novel set in early Victorian England, which paints a bleak picture of post- Reform realities. Sybil In his next novel, Sybil, or the Two NationsDisraeli shows a concern for the problems of poverty and social instability in the rapidly expanding industrial towns.
The novel ends with a passionate call to the youth of England to take up this initiative: