Carta Naţiunilor Unite ();. • Declaraţia Universală a Drepturilor Omului ( ); • Pactul Internaţional privind drepturile civile şi politice ();. Această listă reprezintă denumirile țărilor date de ONU. Ele pot fi Iugoslavia a fost primul stat care a ratificat carta Națiunilor Unite, la 19 octombrie Drapelul Organizației Națiunilor Unite, a fost adoptat la 20 octombrie și este format din stema oficială a Organizației Națiunilor Unite în alb, pe un fond .
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Capitolul II Membri Articolul 3. Capitolul XV Secretariatul Articolul Capitolul IV Avize consultative Articolul Nqtiunilor V Hatiunilor Articolul Chapter I Purposes and Principles Article 1.
Chapter II Membership Article 3. Functions and Powers Article The General Assembly shall meet in regular annual sessions and in such special sessions as occasion may require. Special sessions shall be convoked by the Secretary-General at the request of the Security Council or of a majority of the Natlunilor of the United Nations. Chapter VII Action with respect to threats to the peace, breaches of the peace, and acts of aggression Article Chapter IX International economic and social co-operation Article Chapter XI Declaration regarding non-self-governing territories Article In the event of a conflict between the obligations of the Members of the United Nations under the present Charter and their obligations under any other international agreement, their obligations under the present Charter shall prevail.
Statute of the International Court of Justice Article 1.
Vor fi considerate probleme importante: Acest personal va face parte din Secretariat. Se ia act de orice refuz. To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: To be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.
The Organization is based natiiunilor the principle of the sovereign equality of all its Members. All Members, in order to ensure to all of them the rights and benefits resulting from membership, shall fulfill in good faith the obligations assumed by them in accordance with the present Charter.
All Members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a unute that cartw peace and security, and justice, are not endangered. All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political uunite of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.
All Members shall give the United Nations every assistance in any action it takes in accordance with the present Charter, and shall refrain from giving assistance to any state against which the United Nations is taking preventive or enforcement action.
Lista statelor membre ale Organizației Națiunilor Unite
The Organization shall ensure that states which are not Members of the United Nations act in accordance with these Principles so far as may be necessary for the maintenance of international peace and security. Nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state or shall require the Members to submit such matters to settlement under the present Charter; but this principle shall not prejudice the application of enforcement measures under Chapter VII.
Membership in the United Nations is open to all other peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able and willing to carry out these obligations.
The admission of any such state to membership in the United Nations will be effected by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council. The exercise of these rights and privileges may be restored by the Security Council.
There are established as the principal organs of the United Nations: Such subsidiary organs as may be found necessary may be established in accordance with the present Charter.
Each member shall have not more than five representatives in the General Assembly. The General Assembly may consider the general principles of cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, including the principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments, and may make recommendations with regard to such principles to the Members or to the Security Council or to both.
The General Assembly may discuss any questions relating to the maintenance of international peace and security brought before it by any Member of the United Nations, or by the Security Council, or by a state which is not a Member of the United Nations in accordance with Article 35, paragraph 2, and, except as provided in Article 12, may make recommendations with regard to any such questions to the state or states concerned or to the Security Council or to both.
Any such question on which action is necessary shall be referred to the Security Council by the General Assembly either before or after discussion.
The General Assembly may call the attention of the Security Council to situations which are likely to darta international peace and security.
The powers of the General Assembly set forth knite this Article shall not limit the general scope of Article While the Security Council is exercising in respect of any dispute or situation the functions assigned to it in the present Natiunlor, the Carha Assembly shall not make any recommendation with regard to that dispute or situation unless the Security Council so requests. The Secretary-General, with the consent of the Security Council, shall notify the General Assembly at each session of any matters relative to the maintenance of international peace and security which are being dealt with by the Security Council and shall similarly notify the General Assembly, or the Members of the United Nations if the General Assembly is not in session, immediately the Security Council ceases to deal with natiuniilor matters.
The General Assembly shall initiate studies and make recommendations for the purpose of: The further responsibilities, functions and powers of the General Assembly with respect to matters mentioned in paragraph 1 b above are set forth in Chapters IX and X. The General Assembly shall receive and consider annual and special reports from the Security Council; these reports shall include an account of the measures that the Security Council has decided upon or taken to maintain international peace and security.
The General Assembly shall receive and consider reports from the other organs of the United Nations. The General Assembly shall consider and approve the budget of the Organization.
The expenses of the Organization shall be borne by the Members as apportioned by the General Assembly. The General Assembly shall consider and approve any financial and budgetary arrangements with specialized agencies referred to in Article 57 and shall examine the administrative budgets of such specialized unitd with a view to making recommendations to the agencies concerned.
Each member of the General Assembly shall have one vote. Decisions of jnite General Assembly on important questions shall be made by a two-thirds majority of the members present and voting. These questions shall include: Decisions on other questions, Composition including the determination of additional categories of questions to be decided by a two-thirds majority, shall be made by a majority of the members present and voting.
The General Assembly may, nevertheless, permit such a Member to vote if it is natiinilor that the failure to pay is due to conditions beyond the control of the Member. It shall elect its President for each session.
Carta Organizatie Natiunilor Unite
The General Assembly shall elect ten other Members of the United Nations to be non-permanent members of the Security Council, due regard being specially paid, in the first instance to the contribution of Members of the United Nations to the maintenance of international peace and security and to the other purposes of the Organization, and also to equitable geographical distribution. The non-permanent members of the Security Council shall be elected for a term of two years.
In the first election of the non-permanent members after the increase of the membership of the Security Council from eleven to fifteen, two of the four additional members shall be chosen for a term of one year.
A retiring member shall not be eligible for immediate re-election. Each member of the Security Council shall have one representative. In order to ensure prompt and effective action by the United Nations, its Members confer on the Security Council primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, and agree that in carrying out its duties under this responsibility the Security Council acts on their behalf.
In discharging nstiunilor duties the Security Council shall act in accordance with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations. The Security Council shall submit annual and, when necessary, special reports to the General Assembly for its consideration. Each member of the Security Council shall have one vote. Decisions of the Security Council on procedural matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members.
Decisions of the Security Council on all other matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members including the concurring votes of the permanent members; provided that, in decisions under Chapter VI, and under paragraph 3 of Article 52, a party to a dispute shall abstain from voting.
The Security Council shall be so organized as to be able to function continuously. Each member of the Security Council shall for this purpose be represented at all times at the seat of the Organization. The Security Council shall hold periodic meetings at which each of its members may, if it so desires, be represented by a member of the government or by some other specially designated representative.
The Security Council may hold meetings at such places unitte than the seat of the Organization as in its judgment will best facilitate its work. The Security Council shall lay down such conditions as it deems just for the participation of a state which is not a Member of the United Nations.
The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice. The Security Council shall, when it deems necessary, call upon the parties to settle their dispute by such means. Any Member of the United Nations unie bring any dispute, or any situation of the nature referred to in Article 34, to the attention nattiunilor the Security Council or of the General Assembly.
Charter of the United Nations | United Nations
A state which is not a Member of the United Nations may bring to the attention of the Security Council or of the General Assembly any dispute to which it is a party if it accepts in advance, for the purposes of the dispute, the obligations of pacific settlement provided in the present Charter.
The proceedings of the General Assembly in respect of matters brought to natiunilr attention under this Article will be subject to the provisions of Articles 11 and The Security Council may, at any stage of a dispute of the nature referred to in Article 33 or of a situation of like nature, recommend appropriate unte or methods of adjustment.
The Security Council should take into consideration any procedures for the settlement of the dispute which have already been adopted by the parties. In making recommendations under this Article the Security Council should also take into consideration that legal disputes should as a general rule be referred by the parties to the International Court of Justice in natiuhilor with the provisions of the Statute of the Court.
Should the parties to a dispute of the nature referred to in Article 33 fail to settle it by the means indicated in that Article, they shall refer it to the Security Council. If the Security Council deems that the continuance of the dispute is in fact likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, it shall decide whether to take action under Article 36 or to recommend such terms of settlement as it may consider appropriate.
Such carga measures shall be without prejudice to the rights, claims, or position of the parties concerned. The Security Council shall duly take account of failure to comply with such provisional measures. These may include complete or nayiunilor interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means natiunilro communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations. Such action may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nations.
All Members of the United Nations, in order to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security, undertake to make available to the Security Council, on its call and in accordance with a special agreement or agreements, armed forces, assistance, and facilities, including rights of passage, necessary for the purpose of jnite international peace and security. Such agreement cartz agreements shall govern the numbers and types of forces.
The agreement or agreements shall be negotiated as soon as possible on the initiative of the Security Council. They shall be natounilor between the Security Council and Members or between the Natiunllor Council and groups of Members and shall be subject to ratification by the signatory states in accordance with their respective constitutional processes. The caeta and degree of readiness of these contingents and plans for their combined action shall be determined, within the limits laid down in the special agreement or agreements referred to in Article 43, by the Security Council with the assistance of the Military Staff Committee.
The Military Staff Committee shall consist of the Cqrta of Staff of the permanent members of the Security Council or their representatives.
The Military Staff Committee shall be responsible under the Security Council for the strategic direction of any armed forces placed at the disposal of the Security Council. Questions relating to the command of such forces shall be worked out subsequently. The Military Staff Committee, with the authorization of the Security Council and after consultation with appropriate regional agencies, may establish regional subcommittees. The action required to carry out the decisions of unit Security Council for the maintenance of international peace and security shall be taken by all the Members of the United Nations or by some of them, as the Security Council may determine.
Such decisions shall be carried out by the Members of the United Nations directly and through their action in the appropriate international agencies of which they are members. Measures taken by Members in the exercise of this right of self-defense shall be immediately reported to the Security Council and shall not in any way affect the authority and responsibility of the Security Council under the present Charter to take at any time such action as it deems necessary in order to maintain or restore international peace and security.
Nothing in the present Charter precludes the existence of regional arrangements or agencies for dealing with such ntiunilor relating to the maintenance of international peace and security as are appropriate for regional action, provided that such arrangements or agencies and their activities are consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations. The Members of the United Nations entering into such arrangements or constituting such agencies shall make every effort to achieve pacific settlement of local disputes through natiujilor regional arrangements or by such regional agencies unire referring them to the Security Council.
The Security Council shall encourage the development of pacific settlement of natuinilor disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies either on the initiative of the states concerned or by reference from the Security Council. This Article in no way impairs the application of Articles 34 and The Security Council shall, where appropriate, utilize such regional arrangements or agencies for enforcement action under its authority.