PDF | On Jan 1, , D. Sandu and others published Dezvoltare comunitară și regională. Authors and Editors. Dumitru Sandu at University of Bucharest. PDF | On Jan 1, , Dumitru Sandu and others published Practica dezvoltarii comunitare, PDF | On Jan 1, , Dumitru Sandu and others published Practica reflexiva in dezvoltarea comunitara.
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Practica dezvoltarii comunitare: Prefata () | Dumitru Sandu –
The article is targeted comuniitara an understanding of transnational fields of Romanian migration from the point of view destination selection as measured by migration selectivity at different levels.
Why some people from certain communities and Why some people from certain communities and regions of Romania go to certain countries? Are there any changes in these choices as related to the global crisis? These are the two dezvolltare questions of the study. The answer is given dezvolyare terms of multilevel selectivity of migration abroad. Cumitru of personal status age, human capital, gender, ethnicityresidence community levels and types of local human development and regions urban and development regions are especially analysed by census data from Multiple regression models are used to explain, at individual and community level, why choosing one or another destination.
The complexity of studied phenomenon oblige to using multiple frames of reference for comparisons — recent international migrants versus nonmigrants of working age, internal and external temporary migrants, NUTS3 or NUTS2 regional units of analysis. The dynamics of the seven migration fields and their causal profile are reconstituted also in time by developing a kind of migration archelogy function of the periods long time emigrants abroad left the country.
Romanian Journal of Population Studies. Romanian Studies and Migration Studies. The nexus of motivation—experience in the migration process dezvolatre young Romanians more.
This paper presents and explains the migration motivations and behaviour of young age 16—35 years Romanians. The originality of the paper lies in conceptualising the experiences and motivations of migration as a variable nexus during The originality of the paper lies in conceptualising the experiences and motivations of migration as a variable nexus during the migration process; that is, as a complex web of relations between motivations and types of migration experiences.
A descriptive analysis introduces types of motivations for the first migration and for returning home. Dissatisfaction and opportunities in different spheres of life job, education, family and friendship networks, and lifestyles are the key variables explaining the comunitsra within the nexus. This is contextualised by factors related to the individual, community, region, and sansu, in a multilevel perspective. The relationship between previous structures and the current migration motivations of Romanian youth are also addressed via a comparative European-level analysis.
The first hypothesis, about the lifestyle motivations of Romanian students, is not supported by the data. The second hypothesis, about similarities between Romanian youth and youth from Latvia and Slovakia, is consistent with the findings. The third hypothesis, on the similarity between Romanian youth and the youth from countries of simultaneous emigration and immigration Spain, Italy, Ireland is partially supported only in the case of Italy.
The paper draws on both quantitative survey data and semi-structured interviews. Population Space and Place. Youth migration as strategic behaviour in a multilevel approach more.
Dumitru Sandu | University of Bucharest –
This is a paper on understanding youth migration as strategic behaviour. Six types of stability-mobility result from combining migration intentions with the number of returns in the country. Three of these types are strategic: The remaining three types are complementary: The probability of a youth of belonging to one of the six categories is determined by a multinomial nested regression model.
One hypothesis of the study argues that the probability of inclusion into one of the three strategic types of migration is higher for youth that are perceiving migration mainly in terms of culture and life-style. A second hypothesis takes into account intermediate variables.
udmitru The exogenous variables age, gender, and location are supposed to determine comuniatra variation in migration patterns mainly through the medium of personal capitals, subjective well-being, and regional migration capital.
The role of regional migration experience in youth mobility is tested by adding NUTS3 data to the micro-data, in a multilevel approach. The study considers remittances as part of the lifeworlds of immigrants in multiple interactions with return intentions and communication with those left behind.
This is an alternative view of the standard approach to remittances as a This is an alternative view of the standard approach to remittances as a possible source of development or as a variable to be explained by family solidarity, investment projects or the reasons for return.
The key dependent variable is the home orientation of immigrants as a function of remittances, return intentions and communication behaviours, measured in quantitative and typological terms. The typological analysis of home orientation diverges from the standard approach, which is in terms of high or low intensity of cross-border activities of remitting or communicating between immigrants and those they have left behind.
It argues comnitara the fact that cross-border activities combine in different ways to generate specific social types of remitting practices. The remitting behaviours of migrants are, in our approach, multidimensional, encompassing economicsocial comuniatra cultural content.
Three hypotheses are formulated on: In this context, higher predictability means greater variation of the synthetic variable of home orientation by social, cultural and economic factors as compared to the impact of the same factors on the more abstract variable of economic remittances. DeprivationRemittancesReturn Intentionsand Home orientation of immigrants.
Bradatan and Dumitru Sandu. In this study, we compare labor force outcomes of the two largest immigrant communities in Spain Moroccans and Romanians before the economic crisis hit. We are interested in understanding if and how gender influences the labor force We are interested in understanding if and how gender influences the labor force outcomes wage per hour, labor force participation, and unemployment rate of these two immigrant groups.
Our analyses show that, overall, gender is an important variable on Spanish labor market, but it affects differently the two groups. There is a male job market and a female job market for both Romanian and Moroccan immigrants, with men earning significantly higher wages than women. However, while for Moroccans, working women differ significantly from men in terms of demographic characteristics, Romanian women and men have similar demographic characteristics and comparable levels of labor force participation, but differ in terms of wage levels.
Bradatan and Dumitru Sandu Journal Name: Comunitra Migration Review Publication Date: International Migration Review, 46, Community Selectivity of Temporarry Emigration from Romania, more. Romanian Journal of Population Studies, vol.
Exploring Europe through work migrations: Romanian Studies and Transnational migration. Emerging Transnational Migration from Romanian Villages, more. Dynamics of Romanian emigration after From a macro-to a micro-level approach, more. International Journal of Sociology, vol.
Stocks and Flows Aftermore. SociologyPolitical Cultureand Current Sociology. Structure of Social Capital in Europe, more. Romanian Journal of Sociology,XI. Dumitry and Mass Ideologies on Romanian Transition, more. How to get to a poor dummitru Le cas choisi est celui de la Roumanie. Romanian StudiesLife strategyand Circular Migartion.
Baze de date/ Data Basis
Circular Migration as a Life Strategy, more. Sociologie Romaneasca, 2, Entrepreneurship and Social Capital in Romanian Villages, more.
Romanian Journal of Sociology,XI. Community and regional poverty in rural Romania, more. Romanian Journal of Sociology. Political change, ideology and migration intentions, more. The post change in former Communist societies in East and Central Europe is generally viewed as a double transition involving both marketization removal of state hegemony over the economy anddemocratization move to a Western-style The post change in former Communist societies in East and Central Europe is generally viewed as a double transition involving both marketization removal of state hegemony over the economy anddemocratization move to a Western-style liberal democracy.
Though Romanians distinguish marketization and democratization conceptually, support for reform in both instances is strongest among the same segments vumitru the population: Further analysis reveals that the effects of age, gender, and urban residence but not education largely wash out comknitara the effects of risk aversion, individualistic ideology, and personal economic expectations are controlled for.
Risk aversion is an especially important mediating variable. Men, the young, and those in cities are more likely to support marketization and democratization in large part because they tend to be less averse to risk. Sociology and Risk Aversion. Human Capital in Regional Development, more. Migration in market and democracy transition: Migration intentions and behavior in Romania, more. This paper analyzes the determinants of migration decision-making in the context of recent market and democratic transition in Romania.
Using early s internal migration survey, census and population register data, the results from Using early s internal migration survey, census and population register data, the results from Lisrel path models show that market and democracy value orientation variables are significant determinants of intentions to move, controlling for individual and regional social structural and resource indicators.
Similarly, district-level out-migration behavior is directly determined by the political profile of the local area. Results from the total dezvo,tare disaggregated rural and urban models are interpreted through a reform values and characteristics typology of migrants.
At least in the early stages of Romanian transition, the results indicate that migration choice behavior is governed by a search for udmitru with greatest opportunities in terms of market and democracy returns. Implications of the results for political system and public policy decision are discussed.
Population Research and Policy Review. Social Types in Postcommunist Transition: