Echis ocellatus is a venomous viper species endemic to West Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized. (Source: Wikipedia. Photo: (c) Toby Hibbitts , all. Continent: Africa Distribution: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Senegal, Central African Republic, Guinea. Echis ocellatus ENGLISH African Saw Scaled Viper, Ocellated Carpet Viper, West African Carpet Viper, West African Saw Scaled Viper, GERMAN Augenfleck .
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No attempt should be made to pursue the snake into the undergrowth as this will risk further bites. Here we have reviewed and re-analysed all published preclinical and clinical studies on envenoming and antivenom therapy conducted in West Africa to determine the effectiveness of antivenom.
West African Carpet Viper
Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, pp. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 3: Revue Suisse de Zoologie 83 2: The bitten limb should be immobilised as effectively as possible using an extemporised splint or sling; if available, crepe bandaging of the splinted limb is an effective form of immobilisation. However, it is possible that mechanisms of foetal loss, maternal morbidity and mortality may vary by gestational age. Head scales are keeled. Bonn zoological Bulletin 66 2: She was bitten on the left foot by a carpet viper 6 days prior to hospitalization while walking to the toilet.
Management of snake and spider bite in pregnancy. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 77 2: Ocdllatus report describes successful management of 10 women in 2nd and 3rd pregnancy trimesters with EchiTab IgG antivenom after carpet viper Echis ocellatus envenoming.
Retrieved 2 August The snakebite victim should be transported as quickly and as passively as possible to the nearest place where they can be seen by a medically-trained person health station, dispensary, clinic or hospital.
Snake venom of Echis ocellatus
Venomous Snakes of Africa – Giftschlangen Afrikas. Antivenoms raised against E. The delay between bite and antivenom administration may have important consequences for managing pregnant patients. We therefore do not accept legal responsibility oocellatus use of the information provided and we require that all users use information from this site at their own risk.
Snake venom of Echis ocellatus – Latoxan
echiis Do not use Tourniquets, cut, suck or scarify the wound or apply chemicals or electric shock. Venom Haemorrhagins Zinc metalloproteinase. Intravenous ampiclox and metronidazole were commenced together with oral ferrous sulphate and folic acid. Antivenom Therapy Antivenom is the key ecyis for systemic envenoming. Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey.
National Center for Biotechnology Information Google images. If the offending snake has been killed it should be brought with the patient for identification only relevant in areas where there ocellatud more than echie naturally occurring venomous snake speciesbut be careful to avoid touching the head, as even a dead snake can envenom. The saw-scaled or carpet viper Echis ocellatus has proved to be the most important cause of snakebite mortality and morbidity in the region. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
In the tropics, poisonous snakebite is a problem of vulnerable hard-to-reach societies such as pastoral or rural communities. Snakes that bite the patients were identified when killed and brought to hospital or by incoagulable blood using the simple min whole blood clotting test [WBCT20] which is diagnostic of carpet viper in this part of Nigeria Meyer et al.
Medical Journal of Australia. Views Read Edit View echiis. As at Kaltungo General Hospital, care-givers should be trained and public awareness increased through media coverage and sensitization so that victims know where to access care without delay, avoiding useless, time wasting and potentially harmful traditional remedies.
The Book of Snakes.
There are also reports of single specimens found in the Bangui in the Central African Republicand in central Sudan. Can you confirm these amateur observations of Echis ocellatus? The snake fauna of Togo: Find more photos by Google images search: General Shape Small in length, cylindrical, robust bodied snake with very short tail.
Journal of Reproductive Medicine. Tetanus toxoid Paracetamol Adrenaline Hydrocortisone Chlorpheniramine.
Antivenom may be lifesaving for the mother, but management of reactions with the use of adrenaline may compromise placental circulation and should be used cautiously and only when necessary.