The eThekwini Declaration continues the trend of successively widening and deepening cooperation between the BRICS. The 5th BRICS. The Second African Conference on Sanitation and Hygiene—AfricaSan+5—was heldin Durban, South Africa from February 18–21, , with. 5th BRICS Summit – eThekwini Declaration and Action Plan. 1. We, the leaders of the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the.
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We express our deep concern with the deterioration of the security and humanitarian situation in Syria and condemn the increasing violations of human rights and of international humanitarian law as a result of continued violence. We are concerned at the lack of progress in the Middle East Peace Process and call on the international community to assist both Israel and Palestine to work towards a two-state solution with a contiguous and economicallyviable Palestinian state, existing side by side in peace with Israel, within internationally recognized borders, based on those existing on 4 Junewith East Jerusalem as its capital.
This is an implicit criticism of the Assad regime, which obstructs humanitarian organizations’ access to rebel-held areas. We believe that the UN has a central role in coordinating international action against terrorism within the framework of the UN Charter and in accordance with principles and norms of international law.
The eThekwini declaration and AfricaSan action plan | Protos
We urge all parties to ensure the safety of humanitarian workers. We will review progress made in these two initiatives at our next meeting in September We decoaration agreed to establish the New Development Bank. Central Banks in advanced economies have responded with unconventional monetary decclaration actions which have increased global liquidity.
While this may be consistent with domestic monetary policy mandates, major Central Banks should avoid the unintended consequences of these actions in the form of increased volatility of capital flows, currencies and commodity prices, which may have negative growth effects on other economies, in particular developing countries.
We also remain concerned about reports of deterioration in humanitarian conditions in some countries. SMEs are major creators of jobs and wealth. Progress in rebuilding macro-economic buffers has been relatively declaraton, partly due to measures adopted to mitigate the social impact of exogenous shocks. In this regard, we stress that the development agenda beyond should build on the MDG framework, keeping the focus on poverty eradication and human development, while addressing emerging challenges of development taking into consideration individual national circumstances of developing countries.
Afghanistan needs time, development assistance and cooperation, preferential access to world markets, foreign investment and a clear end-state strategy to attain lasting peace and stability.
In this regard, we will explore opportunities for cooperating in the field of SMEs and recognise the need for promoting dialogue among the respective Ministries and Agencies in charge of the theme, particularly with a view to promoting their international exchange and cooperation and fostering innovation, research and development. We support the civilian efforts of the Malian Government and its international community partners in realising the transitional programme leading up to the presidential and legislative elections.
We support the reform and improvement of the international monetary system, with a broad-based international reserve currency system providing stability and certainty. We reiterate our commitment to work together for accelerated progress in attaining the Millennium Development Goals MDGs by the target date ofand we call upon other members of the international etheekwini to work towards the same objective. We will seek to stimulate infrastructure investment on the basis of mutual benefit to support industrial development, job-creation, skills development, food and nutrition security and poverty eradication and sustainable development in Africa.
Volatility in food and other commodity prices have made food security an issue as well as constraining their sources of revenue.
The eThekwini declaration and AfricaSan action plan
This is a major step towards institutionalizing ethekwoni. This is, particularly regarding the contingency fund, a certain disappointment. The declaration has an assertive ring to it:. Eeclaration discussions reflected our growing intra-BRICS solidarity as well as our shared goal to contribute positively to global peace, stability, development and cooperation. We acknowledge the important role that State Owned Companies SOCs play in the economy and encourage our SOCs to explore ways of cooperation, exchange of information and best practices.
In this regard the critical issue of the mobilization of means of implementation in assisting developing countries needs to be an overarching declxration. We express concern about the reports of the deterioration in humanitarian conditions in Mali and call upon the international community to continue to cooperate with Mali and its neighbouring countries in order to ensure humanitarian assistance to civilian population affected by the armed conflict.
We also considered our role in the international system as based on an inclusive approach of shared solidarity and cooperation towards all nations and peoples. We emphasise the importance of ensuring steady, adequate and predictable access to long term finance for developing countries from a variety of sources. He is the author of IBSA: Many LICs are currently in a weaker position to deal with exogenous shocks given the more limited fiscal buffers and the constrained aid envelopes, which will affect their ability to sustain progress towards achieving the MDGs.
As the global economy is being reshaped, weare committed to exploring new models and approaches towards more equitable development and inclusive global growth by emphasising complementarities and building on our respective economic strengths.
It is the overarching objective and strong shared desire for peace, security, development and cooperation that brought together BRICS countries. We are fully committed to a coordinated inter-governmental process for the declaratipn of the UN development agenda. Dfclaration initial contribution to the Bank should be substantial and sufficient for the Bank to be effective in financing infrastructure.
The affirmation that “next Director-General of the WTO should be a representative of a developing country” is a success of sorts for Brazil, which fields a strong contender. Paragraph 20 states that “China and Russia reiterate the importance they attach to the status of Brazil, India and South Africa etgekwini international affairs and support their aspiration to play a greater role in the UN.
Indonesia’s Mari Elka Pangestu is thought to be the favorite. We have agreed to establish the New Development Bank. We believe there is no alternative to a negotiated solution to the Iranian nuclear issue. The UN enjoys universal membership and is at the centre of global governance and multilateralism. We are committed to building a harmonious world of lasting peace and common prosperity and reaffirm that the 21stcentury should be marked by peace, security, development, and cooperation.
Mid-term meeting of Sherpas and Sous-Sherpas. We are concerned about threats of military action as well as unilateral sanctions.
In March we directed our Finance Ministers to examine the feasibility and viability of setting up a New Development Bank for mobilising resources for infrastructure and sustainable development projects in BRICS and other emerging economies and developing countries, to supplement the existing efforts of multilateral and regional financial institutions for global growth and development.
We extend support to the efforts aimed at combating illicit traffic in opiates originating in Afghanistan within the framework of the Paris Pact.