Strength training is physical activity intended to increase muscle nccdphp/dnpa/physical/growing_stronger/ AARP: Physical Activity AHRQ: Physical Activity for Older Americans http:// Seguin et al note the goal of Growing Stronger: Strength Training for nccdphp/dnpa/physical/growing_stronger/
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Strength training is physical activity intended to increase muscle strength and mass. Adults who engage in strength training are less likely to experience loss of muscle mass, 1 functional decline, 2 and fall-related injuries than adults who do not strength train. This report describes the yov of that analysis, which demonstrated that although the national prevalence of strength training for U.
NHIS consists of face-to-face interviews regarding health status, use of health-care services, and health behaviors of the U. Data on strength training were collected every year during The sample size ranged from 30, to 33,and the response rate ranged from Respondents were categorized as meeting the national strength training objective if they engaged in strength growing_shronger two or more times per week.
Only significant differences are reported in the results. groeing_stronger
The age-adjusted prevalence of reported strength training two or more times per week among all respondents increased significantly, snpa The difference between and was significant for women but not for men. Inthe age-adjusted prevalence of those who met recommended levels of strength training was significantly higher among men than women Duringthe prevalence of strength training increased significantly among non-Hispanic white men and women.
Sarcopenia: Loss of Muscle Mass in Older Adults
Inthe prevalence of strength training among men was similar for non-Hispanic whites Strength training was least prevalent among Hispanic men Instrength training among women was significantly higher among non-Hispanic whites The findings in this report demonstrate that the national prevalence of strength training for U. Although women experienced a significant increase during and men did not, overall strength training levels among women remained lower than among men. The factors that led to the increase in strength training in this group cannot be determined from this analysis, but possible explanations include increased promotion of active lifestyles among older adults 9 and programs growing_stronfer specifically promote strength training, such as Growing Stronger 10 and the Strong-for-Life program.
Strength training throughout life can sustain functional independence for activities of daily living, 1 such as the ability to carry groceries, rise from a chair, or walk up a flight of stairs. Strength-training prevalence was consistently lower among Hispanic respondents than among non-Hispanic white respondents during However, all subgroups are at risk for not meeting national health objectives for Including another person in the program, such as a coworker, spouse, neighbor, or friend, can provide encouragement and motivation.
The findings in this report are subject to at least two limitations. First, information on strength training is self reported and subject to response and recall bias. Second, misclassification errors in reporting might have affected prevalence estimates of strength training. For example, respondents might have interpreted the survey question differently or might not physicaal understood the definitions of strength training and calisthenics.
The survey question specified weight lifting and calisthenics, but because respondents were not asked to provide details, activities such as stair climbing might have ggrowing_stronger missed. Although the NHIS data indicate that the prevalence of strength training increased from Evidence-based studies have indicated that strength-training programs for older adults, such as Strong-for-Life, 4 have dbpa in strength improvements among participants; more programs like this are needed.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. Preventing falls and fall-related injuries among older people living in institutions: Am J Public Health. Healthy people2nd ed. With understanding and improving health and objectives for improving health. US Government Printing Office; American College of Sports Medicine.
The recommended quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, and flexibility in healthy adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. Age adjustment using the projected U. Healthy people statistical notes, No. National Growing_stronber for Health Statistics; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
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Trends in Strength Training—United States, 1998-2004