German Interests in the Haavara-Transfer. Agreement BY AVRAHAM BARKAI. On the 7th of August representatives of the Jewish Agency for. Interests in the Haavara-Transfer Agreement ,” in Year Book of the Leo Agreement between the Third Reich and Jewish Palestine, (New York. Still, there are people on Twitter lazily linking to the Haavara agreement, hoping to show complicity between Nazis and Zionists and therefore.
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The Haavara Agreement is an instance where the question of Agreement rights, Zionist needs and individual rescue were in deep tension. Jewish organizations outside of Germany had declared a boycott against German goods and hoped to delegitimate the Nazi regime.
The Haavara Agreement
The Zionists saw this agreement as a way of attracting Jews to Palestine and thus rescuing them from the Nazi universe even if that meant cooperation with Hitler. For a time the Nazi program of making Germany Judenrein and the Zionist policy of seeking olim coincided.
The proceeds, in Palestine currency, were paid to the emigrants living in Palestine. The rate of exchange was adjusted from time to time by the Haavara according to the disagio, necessitated by the subsidy which the Haavara granted the Palestinian importers, to make up for the steadily deteriorating value of the Reich mark, so the German goods could compete with other imports.
The transfer weakened the boycott of German goods declared by many Jewish organizations around the world, and thus met with considerable opposition. The Zionists sought to attract immigrants to Palestine, most especially the affluent German Jewish immigrants and the Germans sought to get rid of their Jews, increase their exports and a propaganda victory by dividing the Jews regarding the boycott. The Haavara continued to function until World War IIin spite of vigorous attempts by the Nazi Party to stop or curtail its activities.
The Haavara transfer was a major factor in making possible the immigration of approximately 60, German Jews to Palestine in the years —, and together with the money invested by the immigrants themselves, in providing an incentive for the expansion of agricultural settlement and for general economic development. It also served as a model for a similar arrangement with the Czech government and the immigration of several thousand Jews on the eve of World War II.
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Resistance to the Holocaust. Timeline of Jewish Persecution.
Encyclopedia Judaica: Haavara
Non-Jewish Rescuers in the Holocaust. The Kindness of Strangers: The Rescue of Denmark’s Jews. The Rescue of Bulgaria’s Jews. Righteous Among the Nations. Jews in Occupied Countries.
Mufti Haj Amin al-Husseini. Allied Declaration on Persecution of the Jews. World Response to the Holocaust. Top 10 “Most Wanted” Nazis.
Labour antisemitism row: there was nothing Zionist about Hitler’s plans for the Jews
Tracing Lost Family Members. Judge Rules Holocaust is a Historical Fact. Table of Contents Great Britain Survivors.