directory sublime Hodowla i chów ślimaków w pomieszczeniu i na użytkach zielonych filetype pdf dating web google yahoo search engine browser directory . Name: HODOWLA I CHÓW ŚLIMAKÓW – w pomieszczeniu i na użytkach zielonych • Type: traditional printed version or PDF • Author: Grzegorz Skalmowski. Cel badań. Ocena jakości mikrobiologicznej mięsa ślimaków (helix pomatia) .. Skalmowski G. Hodowla i chów ślimaków w pomieszczeniach.
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Selected problems Thomas H. Problem standaryzacji danych Human cremation burials as a source of limakww remains. Korfantego 3 center of the town near Market Square. Departure of the coach is planned at 6: Hadyna Folk Song and Dance Ensemble — 7: Problem standaryzacji danych Human cremation burials as a source of hodowal animal remains.
Data standardization issue Selected cultural and environmental aspects Archaeoichthyological studies in Tel el-Farkha Egypt Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu Tel.: Lab phone New York, N. Program in Archaeology Tel.: Z takimi interpretacjami mamy aktualnie do czynienia. In natural conditions, the earliest stage of beaver coloniza- tion began most probably in the early Holocene. From then on, beavers have continuously been an integral part of many forest cjw. The colonization included river valleys and fluvioglacial land- forms with lake systems connected by rivers.
Beavers significantly influenced the limaw balance in their surrounding area. Appearance of beaver ponds in small valleys usually improved local water retention. The changes mostly affected the nearest vicinity of the ponds by locally increasing groundwater levels.
Breeding, selection and processing of edible snails in Poland
Reservoirs built at the bottoms of river valleys and backwater dams on rivers connecting lake systems resulted in changing of sedimentation patterns. Abandoned beaver ponds became overgrown with water vegetation, and peat build-up might have followed. The Holocene presence of beavers has been documented at a number of archaeological sites. The oldest bones were found at Mesolithic sites.
They were also found in younger deposits in various parts of Poland. Remarkably, there are no documents regarding Holocene beaver ponds in sedimentological analyses of river deposits in Poland. Similarly, in international literature the issue is only briefly mentioned.
This lack is surprising, because the influ- ence of beavers on water balance may be of key importance for paleogeographic interpretations. One must be particularly aware of the mistakes that might be made when searching for possible causes of water balance changes around archaeological sites that is to say, not all water balance changes record- ed in geological profiles must be due to climatic or anthropogenic conditions.
It is therefore advisable to re-analyze the phenomena of river valley flooding and water level fluctuations in open lakes in the context of the suggestions made above. Simultaneously it is recommendable to launch sedimentologi- cal research that will correctly identify of out-of-bed river sediments.
The hills tell W — western, tell C — central, tell E — eastern are situated at the outskirts of the village of Gazala, about kilometers northeast of Cairo, rising some 5 meters above the surrounding fields. The total area of the hills amounts to ca.
The analyzed materials from tell W, tell C and tell E with only a handful of items found elsewhere consist of sets of consumption remains, whereas the materials from graves tell E — parts S and E are of sacrificial nature. The research into animal bone remains made it possible to reconstruct the mix of animal species kept by the communities of Tell el-Farkha, thus creating a basis for further considerations regarding their meat diet. One of the major elements of the analysis was the research into the anatomy of the in- vestigated deposit, aimed at understanding the quality and distribution of the consumed meat.
Osteo- metric analysis and estimated slaughter age usually specified the degree of domestication of certain species and gave an insight into contemporary farming knowledge. On the other hand, taphonomic results created a basis for reconstructing environmental conditions and understanding the daily cus- toms of the local communities.
The total number of analyzed animal remains amounted to 45, The bones came from both ver- tebrates and invertebrates. The former are represented by fish Mammals are by far the largest group, The collected data confirms that the local economy was based mostly on animal husbandry, with pork being the most popular type of meat in all chronological stag- es. The low percentage of wild mammal bones 3.
A total of 14 species were identified, with most taxa found at tell C 12 taxafollowed by tell W 9southern part of tell E 6 and 4 from graves of tell E see Table 3. Apart from basic facts about animal husbandry, the analysis of bone materials provided interesting data about domestication and its development seen as a manifestation of human activity in a particular cultural and environmental context. One of the key achievements in this respect is the confirmation of presence of not only wild donkey or onager but also domestic donkey remains in Lower Egyptian layers.
On the other hand, research into wild mammals and other wild animals birds, fish, and mol- lusks made it possible to reconstruct the environment surrounding the settlement.
An interesting fact here is the discovery of bones of a white rhinoceros, because so far the presence of this animal was confirmed only in central and southern parts of Africa.
The problems discussed will include i predispositions to domes- tication e.
The history of domestication of the chicken, turkey, duck and goose — i. The oppor- tunities to compare medieval and post medieval sites are more or less restricted to a few types of set- tlements. Limajw, sometimes impressive and protected heritage, are obviously the focus of historical and archaeological research. Castle Dunkelstein near Ternitz in Lower Austria is a well excavated ex- ample for this category.
Other assemblages of animal remains are accumulations in refuse areas in ur- ban contexts, for example in Vienna. Some Early Modern Times sites revealed filled latrines and cess- pits, which by application of meticulous excavation methods give a widened insight into the daily diet of inhabitants, because of the special preservation of even tiny remains.
In comparison of various sites, not only do the different localities which in fact reflect on their part diverse social conditions cause difficulties, but also the fact that diverging accuracy of old and new excavations culminate in a hardly resolvable quantification problem. Nevertheless, even with hand collected samples, tendencies in the meat supply strategies of inhabitants can be made visible as well as their prosperity and social position. The aim of this paper is to present the animal economy of the Tell Qaramel settlement in the Pre- pottery Neolithic period on the basis of animal bone remains.
The examined material consisted of post-consumption, animal bone remains. There were 22 animal bones 13 of which were identified anatomically and zoologically The majority of these bones are in poor condition because of many taphonomic issues.
They were probably fragmented while the meat was being prepared for con- sumption. The destruction continued after deposition, due to unfavourable soil conditions that caused decalcification limak their disintegration into smaller pieces. The vast majority of the osteological material was composed of mammal bones, along with bird fragments 1.
The osteological material did not include any bones with morphological features that would suggest domestication. The biggest group of mammal fragments constituted It was composed of small ruminants, and sheep and goats were dominant in this group. Identification, using the existing criteria, indicated that sheep bones were between two and three times as common as those of limqkw. Some vertebrae, scapulae, and phalanges cw too narrow to be safely assigned to either sheep or goat, and it is very likely that they were from gazelle.
There were also several fragments of horn cores that may represent this species. The anatomical distribution of the small ruminates indicated that all skeletal elements were represented. The percentage of young individuals was rather low, on average about 3.
Some sheep bone measurements were taken and on their basis we estab- lished their withers height to range from 64 to 67 cm, which meant that the sheep were of the small type Ovis orientalis. The percentage of large ruminant bone remains oscillated around The majority of teeth and bones belonging to that group were identified as aurochs.
A group of smaller bones, many of which had features characteristic of the Cervidae family and could belong to either red or fallow deer, were isolated. Fragments of antlers of both of the above-mentioned species were also found.
Based on bone measurements it can be inferred that fallow deer was more common than Red deer, however we need to be cautious as some less char- acteristic bones in this group could belong to large antelopes. The analysis of the anatomical distribu- tion of the large ruminants showed that all skeletal elements were present, including distal appendages. The analysis of age indicated that young individuals constituted about 4 percent of all large ruminant bone remains.
Hodowla ślimaków w Polsce
The animal bone fragments llmakw the Equidae family were the third most common among all mammal remains 8. From the osteometric and morphological analysis it was inferred that they were mainly medium-height individuals, probably onagers Equus hemionus onager.
Moreover, some bones hodowlla from a smaller animal, probably African donkey? The age analysis indi- cated that herds consisted mainly of mature and very old animals, as bones of young individuals con- stituted only 4. The next group was made up of osteological material from Carnivora, for which two different size categories were recognized. Among the larger bones, several fragments of fox skeleton were identi- fied.
Unfortunately, the identification was based on post-cranial bones and incomplete jaw elements, which made it impossible to determine the species they represented.
Smaller, less numerous bones were of small Carnivora, and liimakw them were two polecat Mustela putoris cranial fragments. The less numerous animal hovowla were: Suidae family, the Leporidae family, Rodentia, and Insecti- vora.
The Suidae remains belonged to wild pig only, and their percentage averaged about 3. The analysis of their anatomical distribution indicated that all skeleton elements were represented, and the age analysis revealed that the young animals constituted 5.
Hare bone fragments constituted 2. Some bone fragments were from hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus, and two species of llimakw Indian gerbil Tatera indica and an- other, larger rodent whose identification was not possible.
Inhabitants of Tell Qaramel hunted wild species such as sheep, goat, gazelle, aurochs, red deer, fal- low deer, pig, hare, as well as onager, donkey, and carnivores.