Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.
|Published (Last):||11 December 2013|
|PDF File Size:||1.47 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||2.62 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
La Jornada: Falleció Rodolfo Stavenhagen, constructor de instituciones
In these models the probability that a child is classified as indigenous is assumed to be a linear function of the set of predictors.
First, random effects models are used to predict the odds that children of indigenous mothers and indigenous fathers will be classified as indigenous while accounting for the characteristics of the children, their parents, and the community in which they reside.
Numerous studies sravenhagen shown how racial and ethnic boundaries emerge, and are defended or transformed by social actors Horowitz ; Tilly ; Zolberg and Woon ; Brubaker ; Wimmer a. This systematic whitening of higher status individuals presents a serious problem for the rodolgo of racial stratification.
Algunas reflexiones sobre ‘lo Tepehua’ como dilema cultural
Ethnic categorization in Indo-Latin American countries such as Mexico has been less studied using survey data. Two different criteria are currently used by the Mexican census to identify the indigenous population.
This allows me to include children living in extended family households A social boundary may be broadly defined as any categorical distinction recognized by members of a society that affect their attitudes and behavior towards others Alba and Nee Only one child from each mother is chosen at random to avoid overweighing population enica with higher fertility rates.
Being considered indigenous has historically been stigmatizing, leading many to consciously distance themselves from the indigenous category if at all possible Pitt-Rivers ; Friedlander ; Bonfil Batalla  ; Chestion In contrast to Afro-Latin American countries such as Brazil, in Indo-Latin American countries, which include not only Mexico but most countries in Central America and the Andean region, the primary socially-recognized ethnic distinction between the indigenous and non-indigenous population is not based on phenotypical differences.
The odds that a child will be identified as indigenous actually increase with every additional year of education of the mother and of the father once all other relevant factors are controlled Model 3 in both panels.
Francis and Tannuri-Pianto find evidence of a shift in the racial identification of students applying to a major Brazilian university following the implementation of a quota system whereby 20 percent of admission slots were reserved for applicants who self-identify as black negro. Race and Class in Latin America.
Columbia University Press; However, evidence from ethnographic studies suggests that the boundary between the two principal socially-recognized ethnic categories—indigenous and non-indigenous—is also extremely blurred. Perspectives from Latin America.
He suggests that rural residents are less likely to shift to the dominant language than urban dwellers because they are more isolated.
The coefficients for the remaining predictors are broadly consistent with expectations. Amazon Second Chance Pass it on, trade it in, give it a second life.
The sample is representative at the national level as well as for all 2, municipalities nationwide. This opposite pattern is consistent with our expectations based on the results presented in the previous section where children of more educated indigenous mothers were found to be less likely to speak an indigenous language, but slightly more likely to be identified as indigenous.
Having a mother who speaks an indigenous language is more strongly associated with higher odds that a child will also speak the language than having a father who speaks an cuestin language the difference is statistically significant.
For example, children of mothers who speak an indigenous language have Previous studies have shown a similar loss of minority language proficiency among children of more educated immigrant parents in the U.
Associated Data Supplementary Materials Choosing Identities in America.
A vast amount of research documents the stigma that has traditionally been associated with being considered indigenous in the broader Mexican etnjca e. Are you an author? Individuals who consider themselves as belonging to a particular indigenous group may feel no particular sense of attachment perhaps even hostility to members of other indigenous groups.
This method of ethnic classification is therefore best described as one based on proxy self-identification.
Muere Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo mexicano defensor de los derechos indígenas
A similar argument has also been made with regards to minority language use Stevens Because of the ambiguity in racial and ethnic classification in Latin America, the region provides an important setting in which to study social boundaries. Annual Review of Anthropology. Because individuals with higher levels of education will generally be more exposed to the multicultural message and also be more receptive to it, we may expect a greater retention of the indigenous identity among those that are more educated.
Out of Print–Limited Availability. It is therefore surprising that when people are allowed greater freedom to choose their own ethnic identification and that of their children they more frequently choose to identify as indigenous. At a more practical level, language proficiency is also more likely to capture the most disadvantaged segment of the indigenous population, and could therefore be useful in targeting social programs.
Economic Development and Cultural Change.